What is Hyperopia?

Hyperopia is also known as Far-sightedness, Long-sightedness and Hypermetropia.Hyperopia is defined as the inability of one to see near objects clearly, yet able to see distance images clearly. However, in higher grades of Hyperopia, one can’t see even distance images clearly.

In a Hyperopic eye, the light rays that enter the eye fall behind the retina. Since the Retina is unable to perceive the light rays accurately due to the light rays falling behind the eye, the near image/object appears blurred.

Hyperopia and Children

It is very common and normal for young children to have mild hyperopia. Their eyes have the natural accommodation abilities which helps to focus the light correctly onto the retina. Over time as the eye balls grow, the hyperopia diminishes, requiring no further treatment.

However, in cases of high hyperopia, early treatment is absolutely essential. If the condition is not treated in their early years, the child could develop “Lazy eyes”. Most children will have their eyes screened by doctors over the course of their childhood. If you are unsure whether your child’s eyes have been screened, ask the doctor or request for an eye screening at a paediatric vision clinic or eye hospital.

What causes Hyperopia?

A Hyperopic eye either too short or the cornea is too flat. There is no known cause for this as it is a naturally occurring condition. It is not caused by visual stress or poor reading habits.  

How to correct Hyperopia?

Contact lenses or spectacles will be good options for correcting hyperopia. These visual aids help to refocus light rays onto the retina. However, contact lenses would be the best option since they provide a wider field of vision compared to spectacles and also feel really comfortable.

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